منتديات محترف الهامل

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    دروس الانجليزية سنة 1 م

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    hamada dz
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    مُساهمة من طرف hamada dz في الثلاثاء مارس 02, 2010 7:16 pm


    Indefinite Articles


    The indefinite article are : A and AN


    We use A before a consonant-sound



    We use AN before a vowel-sound


    The difference depends on the sound of the vowels and consonants, not the spelling


    . Examples



    a teacher
    a peach
    a woman
    a house
    a man
    a useful book
    a university
    a European

    an English teacher
    an orange
    an old woman
    an hour
    a house
    an honest man
    an heir
    an honour
    an Irish person
    ****************************************


    Don't put A or AN before uncountable nouns )
    I don't like milk.
    Silence is golden.
    (We're having soup for lunch
    ***********************************************



    Exercises


    put 'a' or 'an' where necessary


    .boy. ......
    teacher. ........
    hour. ......
    island. .......
    English teacher. ........
    peach. ........
    old man. ...........
    year. .............
    university. ..........
    pen. ..............
    apple. ..........
    doctor. ............
    aunt. ...............
    .uncle. ..............
    . tree. ............
    .ice-cream. ..............
    .habit. .............
    student..........
    ..test. ..............
    .Arabic book.............

    ---------------

    2
    Second lesson:

    the simple present of verb to be

    This is my second lesson in which I shall talk about the use of the verb 'to be' in the present simple and its different forms
    Affirmative :

    Full forms :

    I am a student.
    You are a teacher.
    He is a doctor.
    She is a nurse.
    It is a cat

    We are students.
    You are teachers.
    They are doctors.

    Short forms (contracted forms) :

    I’m a French writer.
    You’re a Moroccan player.
    He’s an English actor
    She’s an Egyptian teacher.
    It’s an Arabic book.

    We’re Spanish pupils.
    You’re Italian lawyers.
    They’re Brazilian tailors.



    Negative :

    Full forms :

    I am not absent.
    You are not from Rabat.
    He is not ill.
    She is not stupid.
    It is not hot today.

    We are not fine.
    You are not bad.
    They are not good.

    Short forms :

    I’m not happy.
    You’re not/ you aren’t rich.
    He’s not/ isn’t poor.
    She’s not/ isn’t young.
    It’s not/ isn’t a long day.

    We’re not/ aren’t at home.
    You’re not/ aren’t in the courtyard.
    They’re not/ aren’t at school.

    Interrogative (yes/ no questions) :

    Am I tall ?
    -Yes, you are.
    No, you’re not.

    Are you hungry ?
    Yes, I am.
    No, I am not.

    Is he fat ?

    Yes, he is.
    No, he isn’t.

    Is she a teacher ?

    Yes, she is.
    No, she’s not.

    Is it a black pen ?

    Yes, it is.
    No, it is not.

    Are we in the classroom ?
    Yes, you are.
    No, you aren’t.

    Are you from Japan ?
    Yes, we are.
    No, we are not.

    Are they intelligent ?
    Yes, they are.
    No, they aren’t.




    Here are some exercises on this lesson :

    A/ Complete the following sentences with : are – is -am

    1-Said ---------good at math.
    2- I -------- not as good at Math as Said.
    3- John and Brian --------in Morocco for a couple of weeks.
    4- Where ---------you from?
    5- Where -------- your notebook?
    6- They-------------happy
    7- She-------------tall.
    8- We------------cold.
    9- The boy---------thirsty.
    10- Rachid and I--------from Agadir.
    ********************************
    B/ Answer these questions using the right form of the verb to be :

    1- Are you fine?
    - No,--------------

    2- Is it cold today?
    Yes,-------------

    3- Are they from Casablanca?
    Yes,-------------

    4- How old are you ?
    I-------------18 years old.

    5-Where is Khadija from ?
    She---------from Fez.
    *********************************
    C/ Put these sentences in the negative form :

    Example : I am a student
    I am not a student.

    1- Farid is at home.

    2- Karim and his sister are hungry.

    3- It’s a fine day.

    4- He is a bus driver.

    5- You are a lazy boy.

    Good luck.
    ----------------------------------------------------

    3
    Part One : Affirmative form


    The simple present of all verbs


    In this lesson, I will tackle the simple present tense of all verbs (I have already mentioned the present simple of the verb to be in my second lesson).


    How to from the simple present tense?



    A / There are only two basic forms for the simple present tense; one ends with -s and the other doesn't. Here are the rules, using the example of the verb to eat



    I eat (simple form)
    You eat (simple form)
    He eats (simple form + s)
    She eats (simple form + s)
    It eats (simple form+ s)
    We eat (simple form)
    You eat (simple form)
    They eat (simple form



    IMPORTANT: Only THIRD PERSON SINGULAR subjects (he, she, it) must have a verb with an "s" at the end.
    ************************************************** **************************


    B/ -S or -ES?


    With most verbs, the third person singular form is created simply by adding -S. However, with some verbs, you need to add -ES or change the ending a little. Here are the rules:


    1/ Verbs ending with "z", "sh" and "ch" "ss" and "o" must take an -es at the third person singular.

    Examples



    He passes (verb to pass
    He wishes (verb to wish)
    She watches (verb to watch
    She buzzes (verb to buzz
    He goes (verb to go



    2/ Verbs ending with a consonant +y : you must change y to i and add 'es'.
    Examples:


    It flies (verb to fly
    He studies (verb to study)
    She carries (verb to carry



    ************************************************** ***************************


    C/ The simple present of the verb 'To Have'


    The Simple Present of the verb to have is slightly irregular, since the bare infinitive is have, whereas the form of the verb used in the third person singular is has. The Simple Present of the verb to have is conjugated as follows:


    I have
    You have
    He has
    She has
    It has
    We have
    you have
    They have




    ************************************************** **************************


    D/ The simple present of the verb'to do'



    I do
    You do
    He does
    She does
    It does
    We do
    They do
    4
    The Simple Present of all Verbs
    Part Two: Negative and Interrogative forms
    Negative form
    In order to form a negative statement,we use the simple present of the auxiliary do followed by not before the
    bare infinitive of the verb
    For example


    I work :affirmative form
    I don't work :negative form
    you work
    you don't work
    He works
    He doesn't work
    She works
    She doesn't work
    It works
    It doesn't work
    We work
    We don't work
    You work
    You don't work
    They work
    They don't work
    ................................
    Interrogative form
    Do I work
    Do you work
    Does he work
    Does she work
    Does it work
    Do we work
    Do you work
    Do they work

    ..............................

    Who's / Whose
    5



    Who’s this

    Who’s this
    This is my brother


    And what’s his name
    His name is Achraf

    ************************************************
    Who are these
    These are my cousins


    What are their names
    Their names are Mohcin and Salah.


    ************************************************** *********


    Whose

    Whose cat is it?
    It’s Paul’s.

    Whose car is it?
    It’s Mary’s.

    Whose pencils are they?
    They are my sister’s.

    Whose books are they?
    They are Kamal’s.

    Whose ruler is this?
    It’s Samir’s.

    Whose notebooks are these?
    They are Maryam’s





    6
    Family Members

    My father’s father is my grandfather.

    My father’s wife is my mother.

    My father’s son is my brother.

    My father’s daughter is my sister.

    My mother is my father’s wife.

    My father is my mother’s husband.

    My father’s/ mother’s brother is my uncle.

    My father’s/ mother’s sister is my aunt.

    My aunt’s / uncle’s son / daughter is my cousin.

    My mother’s mother is my grandmother.

    My brother’s / sister’s son is my nephew.

    My brother’s / sister’s daughter is my niece.

    My uncle, my aunt and my cousins are my relatives.

    My father and my mother are my parents.

    My grandfather and my grandmother are my grandparents.

    My son and my daughter are my children.

    My brother is my father’s / mother’s son.

    My sister is my father’s / mother’s daughter.

    My brother is my grandfather’s / grandmother’s grandson.

    My sister is my grandmother / grandfather’s granddaughter.


    7
    Seventh Lesson

    Food and Drink: Vocabulary :

    Part One

    1/ Fruits



    Melon


    Orange



    Grapes

    Watermelon



    Apple


    Lemon


    Banana

    Peach



    Apricot

    Pear

    Strawberry

    Cherry



    Fig

    Pineapple



    Plum



    Avocado



    Pomegranate



    Date




    7
    Lesson

    Food and Drink: Vocabulary :

    Part Two

    2/ Vegetables




    Onion


    Carrot


    Potato



    Tomato


    Turnip


    Cabbage



    Cauliflower



    Lettuce



    Peas



    Beans



    Pepper



    Pumpkin


    Radish


    Eggplant / Aubergine


    Garlic



    Cucumber


    Brocoli



    Mushroom



    Zucchini / Courgette



    Spinach



    Beet / Beetroot



    Celery



    Sweet potato / Yam


    Green onion


    Corn


    Artichoke




    8
    Lesson

    Food and Drink: Vocabulary :

    Part Three

    3/ Drinks



    Milk

    Water

    Coffee

    Orange Juice



    Tea



    Soup



    Lemonade / Soft drink

    ************************************


    9
    Lesson

    Food and Drink: Vocabulary :

    Part Four

    4/ Meat



    Beef



    Chicken


    Lamb


    Fish

    ******************************************
    10
    Lesson

    Food and Drink: Vocabulary :

    Part Five

    5/ Other Types of Food


    Egg



    Fried eggs



    Bread



    Rice



    Cheese


    Salad

    Hotdog



    Sandwish



    Candies / Sweets


    Big mac



    French fries



    Pizza


    Sugar


    Honey



    Jam



    Butter



    Popcorn



    Ketchup



    chocolate



    Cake


    Ice cream




    Spaghetti / Noodles



    Flour



    Muffin



    ********************************************
    11
    Lesson

    Food and Drink: Vocabulary :

    Last Part

    6 / Spices



    Parsley



    Coriander



    Cumin



    Paprika



    Cinnamon Powder



    Turmeric



    Black pepper



    Ginger



    Saffron



    Salt

    ******************************


    12
    Eighth Lesson

    Countable and Uncountable Nouns

    1-Countable Nouns

    Countable nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count. For example: "pen".
    We can have one, two, three or more pens. Here are some more countable nouns:

    • dog, cat, animal, man, person

    • bottle, box, litre

    • coin, note, dollar

    • cup, plate, fork

    • table, chair, suitcase, bag

    Countable nounscan be singular or plural:

    • My dog is playing.
    • My dogs are hungry.

    We can use the indefinite article a/an with countable nouns:

    • A dog is an animal.

    We can use some and any with countable nouns:

    • I've got some dollars.
    • Have you got any pens?

    Wecan use a few/ few and many with countable nouns:

    • I've got a few dollars.
    • I haven't got many pens.
    ************************************************** ***********

    2-Uncountable Nouns

    Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts etc that we cannotdivide into separate elements. We cannot "count" them.

    For example, we cannot count "milk".

    . Here are some more examples of uncountable nouns:

    • music, art, love, happiness

    • advice, information, news

    • furniture, luggage

    • rice, sugar, butter, water

    • electricity, gas, power

    • money, currency

    We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular. We use a singular verb. For example:

    • This news is very important.
    • This coffee tastes bad.

    We do not use the indefinite article a/an with uncountable nouns. We cannot say "an information" or "a music".

    But we can say :

    • a piece of news
    • a bottle of water
    • a grain of rice

    We can use some and any with uncountable nouns:

    • I've got some money.
    • Have you got any rice?

    We can use a little and much with uncountable nouns:

    • I've got a little money.
    • I haven't got much rice.
    ********************************************

    Exercises:

    • A/ Write "c" if the noun is countable, "uc" if the noun is uncountable.

    Example: tomato:"c"


    1. tree
    2. sugar
    3. rice
    4. water
    5. cup
    6. friend
    7. school
    8. love
    9. table
    10. time

    ********************************************

    B/• Use a singular or plural verb in the following exercises.

    Remember uncountable nouns always take singular nouns.

    Example: I like cheese. (like)

    1. She (read)………….books every day.
    2. They (come )……………..to school by minibus .
    3. Karim (work)…………….very hard at home.
    4. I (like)……………….to sit at the seaside in Alanya.
    5. We always (do) …………..the exercises very carefully.
    6. Mounir never (****) ……………meals to us at home.
    7. Some students (drive) ……………..very fast at the school campus.
    8. He (speak)……………..two ********s ; English and French .
    9. We (watch) …………..good films on tv every day
    10. The class (begin)……………at 8:15
    11. Milk...................healthy. (be)
    12. Grape juice..................good. (taste)
    13. Grapes.................delicious. (be)
    14. A grape..................on the floor. (be)
    15. Rome...............(be) a beautiful city.
    16. Monkeys ....................bananas. (eat)
    17. Sandwiches.......................... good. (be)
    18. You........................ great pizza. (make)
    19. The pictures ................beautiful. (look)
    20. English...................... interesting. (be)

    *****************************************
    Food and Drink


    Countable VS Uncountable nouns
    Countable

    Examples



    A carrot /carrots
    An apricot /apricots
    An orange / oranges
    A cake /cakes
    An avocado / avocados
    A banana / banana
    A cucumber / cucumbers
    A potato / potatoes
    A turnip / turnips
    A courgette / courgettes

    ****************************************
    Uncountable

    Examples
    Milk
    Coffee
    Sugar
    Water
    Lemonade
    Juice
    Cheese
    Bread
    Meat
    Tea
    Butter
    Jam
    Honey
    Beef
    Oil


    13
    There is / There are
    There is a / an / + singular countable nouns
    There is some + uncountable nouns.
    There are + plural countable nouns.

    Examples

    There is a banana on the table.

    There is some water in the fridge


    There is some coffee in the kitchen


    There is an apple in the basket


    There is some tea in the teapot.


    There is an orange in the plate.


    There are some grapes in the fridge.


    There are some carrots in the kitchen.


    There are some eggs on the table.


    - There are some potatoes in the basket.

    Is there a / an / any

    Are there any
    Is there an apple in the kitchen


    Yes, there is
    No , there isn’t.


    Is there a banana on the table


    Yes, there is

    Is there any water in the bottle


    No, there isn’t.


    Is there any tea in the teapot


    Yes, there is / yes, there is some.

    Are there any grapes on the table


    Yes, there are.

    Are there any onions in the basket


    No ,there aren’t.

    *********************************************
    14
    Food and Drink
    Eating Habits
    Sample Paragraph
    I eat bread with olive oil or jam and I drink some powdered milk or tea with mint for breakfast. For lunch, I eat cucumber salad and beef tajine and I drink a cup of banana juice. I eat fried eggs or a bowl of rice and I drink a milkshake for dinner
    I like fresh fish and green tea very much. I dislike sausages and black coffee
    ************************************************
    Some useful expressions
    I’m hungry
    I’m thirsty
    Let’s go and have some drink
    Can you recommend a good restaurant
    What would you like to eat / drink
    Would you like some orange juice
    What about some cakes
    May I have the menu, please
    I’d like the bill, please
    Keep the change
    That’s not what I ordered
    May I change this
    What kind of seafood do you have
    What kind of meat do you have
    What kind of poultry dishes do you serve
    Can I get you a drink
    Are you hungry/thirsty
    Boiled
    Grilled
    Toasted


    ***************************************
    Containers + uncountable nouns
    We can add some words to make uncountable nouns countable. These words are called containers



    For example we can say


    A jar of jam
    A can of coke.
    A slice of cheese.
    A bottle / a glass of water.
    A loaf of bread.
    A bar of chocolate.
    A carton of milk.
    A bag of flour.
    A box of cereal
    A bowl of sugar.
    A pack of gum
    A tub of margarine
    A tube of ketchup.
    A cup of coffee.
    A pocket of butter.
    etc
    **************************
    15

    Expressing permission

    Can I go out
    Yes, you can.

    2/ Can I watch TV
    No, you can’t

    3/ Can I go to the cinema
    No, you can’t.

    4/ Can I sit near Rachid
    Yes,you can.

    5/ Can I change my place
    Yes, you can.

    6/ Can I drink some water
    Yes, you can.

    7/ Can I eat some buiscuits?
    No, you can’t.

    8/ Can I listen to music?
    No, you can’t.

    9/ Can I use your pen
    Yes, you can.

    10/ Can I play football
    Yes, you can.




    Things I can do in the classroom

    I can read – I can speak – I can exchange ideas ...etc - .
    Things I can’t do in the classroom

    I can’t sleep – I can’t listen to radio – I can’t eat or drink – I can’t play football -...etc




    Rule
    Asking for permission
    Can + Subject + verb
    Accepting
    Yes, you / he / she / they can
    Refusing
    No, you / he / she / they can’t


    .


    16

    Expressing Time
    Some useful expressions
    What’s the time
    What time is it
    Excuse me. What time is it please
    Excuse me. Do you have the time please

    Excuse me. Could you tell me the time please
    Can you tell me the time, please
    Can you tell me what time it is
    Excuse me. Do you happen to know what time it is
    Do you have the time
    Would you happen to know what time it is


    ******************************

    Examples

    04 : 00
    It’s four o’clock


    04 : 05
    It’s five past four



    04 : 08
    It’s eight past four


    04 : 10
    It’s ten past four

    04 : 12
    It’s twelve past four

    04 : 15
    It’s a quarter past four

    04 : 22
    It’s twenty-two past four


    04 : 25
    It’s twenty-five past four.



    04 : 30
    It’s half past four



    04 : 35
    It’s twenty-five to five

    04 : 40
    It’s twenty to five


    04 : 45
    It’s a quarter to five

    04 : 50
    It’s ten to five


    04 : 55
    It’s five to to five



    05 : 00
    It’s five o’clock


    It’s midday : 12 pm

    It’s noon : 12 pm
    It’s midnight : 12 am

    Pm : afternoon

    Am :: morning

    ************************************************** **********************************
    Daily Activities

    1/ what time do you get up?

    I get up at seven o’clock

    2/ what time do you have breakfast?

    I have breakfast at half past seven.

    3/ what time does Samir go to school?

    He goes to school at a quarter to eight.

    4/ what time does she come back home?

    She comes back home at midday.

    5/ What time do your parents have lunch?

    They have lunch at two o’clock.

    6/ What time do you go to bed?

    I go to bed at half past nine.



    17
    Ordinal numbers
    1



    1st
    first
    2
    2nd
    second
    3
    3rd
    third
    4
    4th
    fourth
    5
    5th
    fifth
    6
    6th
    sixth
    7
    7th
    seventh
    8
    8th
    eighth
    9
    9th
    ninth
    10
    10th
    tenth
    11
    11th
    eleventh
    12



    12th
    twelfth
    13
    13th
    thirteenth
    14
    14th
    fourteenth
    15
    15th
    fifteenth
    16
    16th
    sixteenth
    17
    17th
    seventeenth
    18
    18th
    eighteenth
    19
    19th
    nineteenth
    20
    20th
    twentieth
    21
    21st
    twenty-first
    30
    30th
    thirtieth
    40
    40th
    fortieth
    50
    50th
    fiftieth
    60
    60th
    sixtieth
    70
    70th
    seventieth
    80
    80th
    eightieth
    90
    90th
    ninetieth
    100
    100th
    one hundredth
    1,000
    1000th
    one thousandth

    ***************************
    What’s the date today?

    Wed, Feb.6th = Today is Wednesday, February the ninth.

    Sun, Aug.1st = Today is Sunday, August the first.

    Sat, Sept.3rd = Today is Saturday, September the third.

    Mon, Dec. 22nd = Today is Monday, December the twenty-second.

    Tue, May.21st = Today is Tuesday, May the twenty-first.

    Thur, Jan. 20th = Today is Thursday, January the twentieth.

    Fri, Jul 31st = Today is Friday, July the thirty-first



    Sample Writing


    This is my dream house. It’s in Tangier. There are three large bedrooms, two nice living rooms, a lovely dining room, a modern kitchen, a new bathroom and beautiful garden.
    I like my dream house very much because there is a wonderful swimming pool and a wide courtyard.

    **********************************

    Remark: draw your dream house


    Prepositions
    In / on / under / next to / between
    [/size

    [size=24]"إن كانَ بَينَكَ وبَينَ العِلمِ بَحرٌ مِن نارٍ يُحرِقُكَ وبَحرٌ مِن ماءٍ يُغرِقُكَ، فَانفُذهُما إلَى العِلمِ حَتّى تَقتَبِسَهُ وتَعَلَّمَهُ، فَإِنَّ تَعَلُّمَ العِلمِ دَليلُ الإِنسانِ، وعِزُّ الإِنسانِ، ومَنارُ الإِيمانِ، ودَعائِمُ الأَركانِ، ورِضَا الرَّحمنِ" من وصايا لقمان الحكيم
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    محبة الله
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    مُساهمة من طرف محبة الله في الأربعاء مارس 24, 2010 1:23 pm

    مشكووووووووووووووووووووووور اخي على الموضوع المفيد
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    مُساهمة من طرف ؟ في الأربعاء مارس 24, 2010 4:15 pm

    شكرا ا على الموضوع المتميز
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    محبة الله
    المشرف العام
    المشرف العام

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    مُساهمة من طرف محبة الله في الأحد أبريل 11, 2010 4:55 pm


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